Water Planning Data for Region I (East Texas)

Alabama Creek - From the confluence with the Neches River in northeast Trinity County upstream to the headwaters in east Trinity County.

Riparian conservation area - Davy Crockett National Forest; Alabama Creek Wildlife Management Area

Alazan Bayou - From the confluence with the Angelina River upstream to its headwaters in Nacogdoches County.

Biological function - bottomland hardwood habitat displays significant overall habitat value (TPWD, 1999)
Riparian conservation area - Alazan Bayou Wildlife Management Area

Angelina River - From the aqueduct crossing 0.6 mile upstream of the confluence of Paper Mill Creek in Angelina/Nacogdoches County upstream to the FM 1911 crossing in Cherokee/Nacogdoches County (within TNRCC classified stream segment 0611).

Biological function - priority bottomland hardwood habitat displays significant overall habitat value (Bauer et al., 1991)
Riparian conservation area - Angelina National Forest
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - Paddlefish (SOC/St.T) (Pitman, 1991; TPWD, 1998)

Angelina River - From a point immediately upstream of the confluence of Indian Creek in Jasper County upstream to Sam Rayburn Dam in Jasper County (TNRCC classified stream segment 0609).

Riparian conservation area - Angelina National Forest
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - Paddlefish (SOC/St.T) (Pitman, 1991; TPWD, 1998)

Attoyac Bayou - From a point 2.4 miles downstream of the Curry Creek confluence in Nacogdoches/San Augustine County upstream to US 59 in Shelby/Rusk County (within TNRCC classified stream segment 0612).

Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - only known remaining population of endemic triangle pigtoe freshwater mussel (Howells, 1996)

Austin Branch - From the confluence with San Pedro Creek upstream to its headwaters in Houston County.

Riparian conservation area - Davy Crockett National Forest

Beech Creek - From the confluence with Village Creek northeast of Kountze in Hardin County upstream to the headwaters in east Tyler County.

Riparian conservation area - Big Thicket National Preserve
High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - ecoregion stream; diverse benthic macroinvertebrate community (Bayer et al., 1992)

Big Cypress Creek - From the confluence with the Sabine River in Deweyville in Newton County upstream to the Newton/Jasper County line.

High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - ecoregion stream; diverse fish community (Bayer et al., 1992; Linam et al., 1999)

Big Hill Bayou - From the confluence with Taylor Bayou on the J.D. Murphree Wildlife Management Area in Jefferson County upstream to the headwaters located eight miles southwest of Port Arthur in east Jefferson County.

Biological function - extensive fresh and intermediate coastal marshes display significant overall habitat value (J. Sutherlin, 1999, pers. comm.)
Riparian conservation area - J.D. Murphree Wildlife Management Area; Part of the Great Texas Coastal Birding Trail; McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge

Big Sandy Creek - From the confluence with Village Creek in north Hardin County upstream to the Polk/Trinity County line.

Biological function - Texas Natural Rivers System nominee for outstandingly remarkable fish and wildlife values (NPS, 1995)
Riparian conservation area - Big Thicket National Preserve; Alabama and Coushatta Indian Reservation
High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - exceptional aesthetic value (NPS, 1995)

Bowles Creek - From the confluence with the Neches River upstream to its headwaters in Cherokee County.

Riparian conservation area - Caddoan Mounds

Camp Creek - From the confluence with the Neches River in Houston County upstream to its headwaters east of Weches in northeast Houston County.

Riparian conservation area - Davy Crockett National Forest
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - Creek chubsucker (SOC/St.T) (SOC/St.T) (Kelly, 1999)

Catfish Creek - From the confluence with the Trinity River northwest of Palestine in west Anderson County upstream to its headwaters about eight miles southwest of Athens in Henderson County.

Riparian conservation area - Engling Wildlife Management Area
High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - ecoregion stream; high water quality (Bayer et al., 1992)
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - rough-stem aster (SOC) (J. Poole, 1999, pers. comm.)

Cochino Bayou - From the confluence with the Neches River in northern Trinity County upstream to its headwaters in eastern Houston County.

Riparian conservation area - Davy Crockett National Forest

Hackberry Creek - From the confluence with the Neches River upstream to its headwaters in Trinity County.

Riparian conservation area - Davy Crockett National Forest
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - Creek chubsucker (SOC/St.T) (SOC/St.T) (Kelly, 1999)

Hager Creek - From the confluence with Cochino Bayou in east Houston County upstream to its headwaters east of Ratcliff in east Houston County.

Riparian conservation area - Davy Crockett National Forest

Hickory Creek - From the confluence with the Neches River in Houston County upstream to a point one mile southwest of the FM 227 crossing in northeast Houston County.

Riparian conservation area - Davy Crockett National Forest

Hillebrandt Bayou - From the confluence with Taylor Bayou upstream to its headwaters near Beaumont in Jefferson County.

Riparian conservation area - J.D. Murphree Wildlife Management Area; Part of the Great Texas Coastal Birding Trail

Irons Bayou - From the confluence with the Sabine River five miles north of Carthage in Panola County upstream to the headwaters about three miles north of Clayton in Panola County.

High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - ecoregion stream; diverse benthic macroinvertebrate and fish communities (Bayer et al., 1992; Linam et al., 1999)

Little Pine Island Bayou (Hardin County) - From the confluence with Pine Island Bayou about 12 miles northwest of Beaumont in Hardin County upstream to the FM 770 crossing in Saratoga in Hardin County.

Riparian conservation area - Big Thicket National Preserve

Lynch Creek - From the confluence with Piney Creek in east Houston County upstream to its headwaters near an unmarked county road in Houston County.

Riparian conservation area - Davy Crockett National Forest
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - Creek chubsucker (SOC/St.T) (SOC/St.T) (Kelly,1999)

Menard Creek - From the confluence with the Trinity River near the Polk/Liberty County line upstream to its headwaters located east of Livingston in the central part of Polk County.

Biological function - bottomland hardwood habitat displays significant overall habitat value; high diversity of freshwater mussels (A. Sipocz, 1999, pers. comm.)
Riparian conservation area - Big Thicket National Preserve

Mud Creek - From the confluence with the Angelina River in southeast Cherokee County upstream to the SH 204 crossing west of Ponta in central Cherokee County.

Biological function - priority bottomland hardwood habitat displays significant overall habitat value (Bauer et al., 1991)
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - Neches River rose-mallow (J. Poole, 1999, pers. comm.)

Neches River - From a point immediately upstream of the confluence of Hopson Mill Creek in Jasper/Tyler County upstream to the Blackburn Crossing Dam in Anderson/Cherokee County (TNRCC classified stream segment 0604).

Biological function - Texas Natural Rivers System nominee for outstandingly remarkable fish and wildlife values (NPS, 1995); priority bottomland hardwood habitat displays significant overall habitat value (Bauer et al., 1991)
Riparian conservation area - Davy Crockett National Forest; Angelina National Forest; Big Thicket
National Preserve; State Wildlife Scientific Area; Alabama Creek Wildlife Management Area
High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - National Forest Service wilderness-type area, exceptional aesthetic value (NPS, 1995)
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - unique, exemplary, and unusually extensive natural community (NPS, 1995); Paddlefish (SOC/St.T) (TPWD, 1998) ;Creek chubsucker (SOC/St.T) , Blue sucker (SOC/St.T) (Bauer et al., 1991); Neches River rose-mallow (J. Poole, 1999, pers. comm.)

Neches River - From the confluence with Sabine Lake in Orange County upstream to Town Bluff Dam in Jasper/Tyler County (TNRCC classified stream segments 0601 and 0602).

Biological function - extensive freshwater wetland habitat displays significant overall habitat value (Bauer et al., 1991)
Riparian conservation area - Big Thicket National Preserve; Lower Neches River Wildlife Management Area ; Part of the Great Texas Coastal Birding Trail
High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - exceptional aesthetic value (NPS, 1995)
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - unique, exemplary, and unusually extensive natural community (NPS, 1995); Paddlefish (SOC/St.T) (TPWD, 1998) ; The most abundant and diverse unionid assemblage found to date in Texas; largest known population of sandbank pocketbook freshwater mussels in Texas; one of the two largest populations of rare, endemic Texas heelsplitter freshwater mussels remaining (Neck and Howells, 1994; Howells, 1997; Howells et al., 1997)

Pine Island Bayou - From the confluence with the Neches River in Hardin/Jefferson County upstream to FM 787 in Hardin County (TNRCC classified stream segment 0607).

Riparian conservation area - Big Thicket National Preserve

Piney Creek - From the confluence with the Neches River near the corner of Polk and Tyler counties upstream to the headwaters located in the Davy Crockett National Forest in east Houston County.

Riparian conservation area - Davy Crockett National Forest
High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - ecoregion stream; diverse benthic macroinvertebrate community (Bayer et al., 1992)
End/Threat: Creek chubsucker (SOC/St.T) (Bayer et al., 1992)

Sabine River - From the IH-10 crossing in Orange County upstream to Toledo Bend Dam in Newton County (TNRCC classified stream segment 0503 and part of 0501).

Biological function - Texas Natural Rivers System nominee for outstandingly remarkable wildlife values(NPS, 1995)
High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - exceptional aesthetic value (NPS, 1995)

Sabine River - From the confluence with Sabine Lake in Orange County upstream to the IH-10 crossing (within TNRCC classified stream segment 0501).

Biological function - extensive freshwater wetland habitat displays significant overall habitat value (Bauer et al., 1991)
Riparian conservation area - Tony Houseman State Park/Wildlife Management Area; Part of the Great Texas Coastal Birding Trail; Lower Neches River Wildlife Management Area

Sabine River - From the headwaters of Toledo Bend Reservoir in Panola County upstream to the Panola/Rusk County line (within TNRCC classified stream segments 0504 and 0505).

Biological function - Texas Natural Rivers System nominee for outstandingly remarkable fish and wildlife values (NPS, 1995); priority bottomland hardwood habitat displays significant overall habitat value (Bauer et al., 1991)
High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - exceptional aesthetic value (NPS, 1995)
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - Paddlefish (SOC/St.T) (TPWD, 1998)

Salt Bayou - From the confluence with the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway (GIWW) upstream to its headwaters in Jefferson County.

Biol. Function: Extensive coastal wetlands (J. Sutherlin, 1999, pers. comm.)
Riparian conservation area - McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge; J.D. Murphree Wildlife Management Area; Sea Rim State Park

San Pedro Creek - From the confluence with the Neches River upstream to its headwaters in Houston County.

Riparian conservation area - Mission Tejas State Park

Sandy Creek - From the confluence with Attoyac Bayou in Shelby County upstream to Pinkston Dam in Shelby County.

Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - only known remaining population of endemic triangle pigtoe freshwater mussel (Howells, 1996)

Sandy Creek - From the confluence with Hackberry Creek in Trinity County upstream to its headwaters east of FM 357 in Trinity County.

Riparian conservation area - Davy Crockett National Forest
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - Creek chubsucker (SOC/St.T) (Kelly, 1999)

Taylor Bayou - From the confluence with Gulf Intracoastal Waterway (GIWW) upstream to and including the North and South Forks of Taylor Bayou and Mayhaw Bayou in Jefferson County.

Biological function - extensive freshwater marshes and forested wetlands display significant overall habitat value (J. Sutherlin, 1999. pers. comm.)
Riparian conservation area - J.D. Murphree Wildlife Management Area

Texas Bayou - From the confluence with the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway (GIWW) upstream to its headwaters in Jefferson County.

Biological function - extensive brackish and saline coastal marsh display significant overall habitat value (J. Sutherlin, 1999. pers. comm.)
Riparian conservation area - Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge

Trinity River - From the Houston/Trinity County line upstream to the Anderson/Henderson County line (within TNRCC classified stream segments 0803 and 0804).

Biological function - bottomland hardwood habitat displays significant overall habitat value (TPWD, 1999)
Riparian conservation area - Big Lake Bottom Wildlife Management Area
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - one of the two largest populations of rare, endemic Texas heelsplitter freshwater mussel remaining (Neck and Howells, 1994; Howells, 1997; Howells et al., 1997)

Trout Creek - From the confluence with Big Cow Creek in Newton County upstream to the northern boundary of the E.O. Siecke State Forest in Newton County.

Riparian conservation area - E.O. Siecke State Forest

Turkey Creek - From the confluence with Village Creek in Hardin County upstream to FM 1943 in Tyler County.

Riparian conservation area - Big Thicket National Preserve

Village Creek - From the confluence with the Neches River in Hardin County upstream to Lake Kimble Dam in Hardin County (TNRCC classified stream segment 0608).

Biological function - Texas Natural Rivers System nominee for outstandingly remarkable fish and wildlife values (NPS, 1995)
Riparian conservation area - Big Thicket National Preserve; Village Creek State Park; Part of the
Great Texas Coastal Birding Trail
High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - rated #1 scenic river in East Texas (NPS, 1995)
Threatened or endangered species/unique communities - unique, exemplary, and unusually extensive natural community (NPS, 1995)

White Oak Creek - From the confluence with Big Cow Creek in Newton County to its headwaters located about five miles southwest of Newton in Newton County

High water quality/exceptional aquatic life/high aesthetic value - ecoregion stream; high water quality, diverse benthic macroinvertebrate community (Bayer et al., 1992)

References

Bauer, J., R. Frye, B. Spain. 1991. A natural resource survey for proposed reservoir sites and selected stream segments in Texas. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, Texas.

Bayer, C.W., J.R. Davis, S.R. Twidwell, R. Kleinsasser, G. Linam, K. Mayes, and E. Hornig. 1992. Texas aquatic ecoregion project: an assessment of least disturbed streams (draft). Texas Water Commission, Austin, Texas.

Howells, R.G. 1996. Distributional surveys of freshwater bivalves in Texas: progress report for 1994. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Management Data Series 120, Austin, Texas.

Howells, R.G. 1997. Distributional surveys of freshwater bivalves in Texas: progress report for 1996. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Management Data Series 144, Austin, Texas.

Howells, R.G., C.M. Mather, and J.A.M. Bergmann. 1997. Conservation status of selected freshwater mussels in Texas. Pages 117-127 in K.S. Cummings et al., editors. Conservation and management of freshwater mussels II: initiatives for the future. UMRCC Symposium, St. Louis, Missouri.

Kelly, J.P. 1999. An ichthyological survey of the Davy Crockett National Forest, Texas. Texas Journal of Science 51: 115-126.

Linam, G.W., L.J. Kleinsasser, and K. Mayes. 1999. Regionalization of the index of biotic integrity for Texas streams (draft - in review). Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, River Studies Report No. 16, Austin, Texas.

National Park Service. 1995. The nationwide rivers inventory. United States Department of the Interior, Washington, DC.

Neck, R.W. and R.G. Howells. 1994. Status survey of Texas heelsplitter, Potamilus amphichaenus (Frierson, 1898). Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Special Report, Austin, Texas.

Pitman, V. 1991. Synopsis of Paddlefish Biology and Their Utilization and Management in Texas (Special Report). Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, Texas.

Poole, J. 1999. Personal communication. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, Texas.

Sipocz, A. 1999. Personal communication. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Houston, Texas.

Sutherlin, J. 1999. Personal communication. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Port Arthur, Texas.

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. 1998. Fish hatchery stocking records. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, San Marcos, Texas.

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. 1999. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Homepage. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, Texas.


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