Fishing or Hunting with a Boat
See Boating Laws for detailed information on boat regulations and required safety equipment.
- State law requires a wearable-type personal flotation device (Types I, II, or III) for each person on board. PFDs must be U.S. Coast Guard approved. In addition, a Type IV throwable-type flotation device is required on boats 16 feet in length and longer.
- Children under 13 years of age must wear a PFD on a Class A or Class 1 motorboat while underway. It is recommended that non-swimmers always wear a PFD on the water.
- Anyone born on or after September 1, 1993 must complete an approved boater education course before operating in public water a vessel of more than 15 horsepower, a windblown vessel of more than 14 feet in length, or a personal watercraft, unless there is another legally qualified operater on board who is 18 or older.
- State law prohibits intoxicated persons (.08% BAC) from operating a boat.
- Check the weather and give a "float plan" to a friend before departing.
- Distribute and secure your gear properly, and avoid overloading your boat.
- Use care when moving; keep weight as low as possible and distributed evenly.
- Remain seated as much as possible to avoid capsizing and falls overboard.
- Never anchor from the stern of your boat.
- Secure firearms and ammo low in the boat to increase stability and to avoid falls.
- Remain seated, if possible, while shooting and retrieving migratory game birds.
- Assign "shooting zones" for each hunter to avoid shooting accidents.
Each year, over 90% of all sportsmen who died in the water were not wearing a life jacket. Wear your life jacket! The life you save may be your own.
Failure to immediately remove and lawfully dispose of any harmful or potentially harmful aquatic plant that is clinging or attached to a vessel, watercraft, trailer, motor vehicle, or other device used to transport or launch a vessel or watercraft can result in a fine of $25-$500.
New rules for zebra mussels
Anglers and boaters leaving the water bodies listed below would be in compliance with rules on possessing and transporting the microscopic larval stage of zebra mussels (called veligers) if all bait buckets, live wells, bilges, and any other receptacles, containers, or systems that could contain water are emptied prior to departure from the listed waters. Applies on:
- Red River from the I-44 bridge in Wichita County to the Arkansas/Texas border, including the Texas waters of Lake Texoma
- Lake Lavon
- Elm Fork of the Trinity River above the Lake Lewisville dam including lakes Ray Roberts and Lewisville
A person leaving one of these waters that travels on a public roadway via the most direct route to another access point located on the same body of water would not be required to drain or empty water.
New rules for bighead and silver carp
It is unlawful to transport live, non-game fishes from the water bodies listed below. Collection and use of nongame fishes for bait within the same water body is legal. This rule is intended to prevent the unintentional spread of invasive bighead and silver carp.
- Red River below Lake Texoma downstream to the Arkansas border
- Big Cypress Bayou downstream of Ferrell’s Bridge Dam on Lake O’ the Pines (including the Texas waters of Caddo Lake)
- Sulphur River downstream of the Lake Wright Patman dam
When you leave a body of water:
- Remove any visible mud, plants, fish or animals before transporting equipment.
- Eliminate water from equipment before transporting.
- Clean and dry anything that comes into contact with water (boats, trailers, equipment, clothing, dogs, etc.).
- Never release plants, fish or animals into a body of water unless they came out of that body of water.
For more information on invasive exotic species that threaten Texas waters and how you can help prevent their spread, visit these sites:
- It is a violation to leave unattended for any period of time or anchor a barge, boat, or fishing platform in the Trinity River below Livingston Dam in an area 1,000 feet from the dam to a point 1,500 feet downstream from the dam:
- for more than 10 hours in a 24-hour period without moving 100 feet or more during that time, or
- for five or more consecutive days, whether or not it has been moved;
- It is a violation to anchor or moor a vessel, barge, or structure for a period exceeding two consecutive days within the area in Cedar Bayou between a department sign erected where Mesquite Bay flows into Cedar Bayou and the department sign erected near the point where the pass empties in the Gulf of Mexico.
- It is a violation to move, remove, deface, alter, or destroy any sign, depth marker, or other informational signage placed by the department within, or to delineate boundaries of the Redfish Bay State Scientific Area.
- It is a violation to uproot seagrass from the bay bottom in Redfish Bay State Scientific Area using a propeller. It is not a violation to anchor a vessel or use an electric trolling motor in the Redfish Bay State Scientific Area. Visit our seagrass pages for more information.
- Rio Grande: Portions of the Rio Grande adjacent to the Black Gap Wildlife Management Area are designated as a "Wild and Scenic River." Special federal rules apply to fishing, boating, and other uses in these areas. For more information concerning these rules and boundaries, call the Big Bend National Park at (432) 477-2251 (menu 3, option 3).