2013 - 2014
Outdoor Annual

Tom Roster's Nontoxic Shot Lethality Table ©

Proven Nontoxic Shot Loads for Waterfowl and Upland Game Birds*

Load Velocity: 1,225-1,450 FPS

 

ACTIVITYTypical Shooting Range of Activity (Yards)Most Effective Nontoxic Shot Sizes(s) for Birds Listed Under the First Column Entitled ACTIVITYMinimum Load Weight (Ounces)Minimum Pellet Hits Needed on Lethal Areas for Clean KillsMinimum Pattern Count Needed at Any Distance for Clean Kills (Number of Pellets in 30" Circle)Most Effective Choke(s) (Given in Lead Shot Choke Designations)

Large Geese at Long Range

Giant, Western, Atlantic, and Interior Canadas

50-65

50-70

Steel BBB to T

HEVI-Shot 2 to B

1-1/4

1-1/4

1-2

1-2

50-55

50-55

Improved Modified

Improved Modified, Full

Large Geese Over Decoys

35-50

35-50

Steel BB to BBB

HEVI-Shot 2 to B

1-1/4

1-1/2

1-2

1-2

50-55

50-55

Improved Cylinder, Modified

Improved Cylinder, Modified

Medium/Small Geese Long Range

Snow, White-fronted, Lesser Canadas

50-65

50-65

Steel BB to BBB

HEVI-Shot 2

1-1/4

1-1/2

1-2

1-2

60-65

60-65

Improved Modified

Improved Modified, Full

Medium/Small Geese Over Decoys

35-50

35-50

Steel 2 to BB

HEVI-Shot 4

1-1/8

1-1/4

1-2

1-2

60-65

60-65

Light Modified, Modified

Improved Cylinder, Modified

Large Ducks at Long Range

Mallard, Black, Pintail, Goldeneye, Gadwall

45-65

45-65

Steel 2 to 1

HEVI-Shot 4

1-1/8

1-1/4

1-2

1-2

85-90

85-90

Improved Modified, Full

Improved Modified, Full

Large Ducks Over Decoys

20-45

20-45

Steel 6 to 2

HEVI-Shot 6 to 4

3/4-1

1-1/8

1-2

1-2

85-90

85-90

I.C. (20-35 yds), Mod (35-45 yds)

I.C. (20-35 yds), Mod (35-45 yds)

Medium Ducks Over Decoys

Wigeon, Scaup, Shoveler

20-45

20-45

Steel 6 to 3

HEVI-Shot 6 to 4

1

1-1/8

1-2

1-2

115-120

115-120

I.C. (20-35 yds), Mod (35-45 yds)

I.C. (20-35 yds), Mod (35-45 yds)

Small Ducks Over Decoys

Teal, Ruddy, Bufflehead

20-45

20-45

Steel 6 to 4

HEVI-Shot 6

1

1-1/8

1-2

1-2

135-145

135-145

Mod. (20-35 yds), Full (35-45 yds)

Mod. (20-35 yds), Full (35-45 yds)

Ring-Necked Pheasants

20-50

20-50

Steel 2 to 3

HEVI-Shot 4

1

1-1/8

2-3

2-3

90-95

90-95

I.C. (20-30 yds), Mod (30-50 yds)

I.C. (20-30 yds), Mod (30-50 yds)

Turkeys (Head and Neck Shots) 20-40 Steel 4 1-1/4 3-4 210-230 Full or Extra Full
Swatter Load for Wounded Birds 20-30 Steel 7 to 6 1 1 175 Improved Modified, Full
This table summarizes Tom Roster’s analyses to date of the waterfowl lethality data bases for certain of the 15 U.S. steel versus lead waterfowl shooting tests run between 1968 and 1982 and one steel-only pheasant shooting test plus lethality data bases owned by ammunition companies for birds taken with nontoxic shotshell loads Roster tested for them and the CONSEP organization.


NOTE: Steel #BBB (.190") and HEVI-Shot #2 (.150") have exhibited the best all-around performance for taking geese; steel #3 (.140") and HEVI-Shot #4 (.130") the best all-around performance for taking ducks; and steel #2 and HEVI-Shot #4 the best all0around performance for taking ring-necked pheasants.

NOTE: The pellets in the steel shot loads listed in this table were traditional, highly spherical ball0shapeed pellets of ~ 7.86 g/cc density and 90-95 DPH hardness. the HEVI-Shot pellets were of 12.0 g/cc density and slightly harder than traditional steel pellets.

* These findings are derived from testing 3" 20 gauge; 2-3/4", 3" and 3-1/2" 12 gauge; and 3-1/2" 10 gauge steel loads; plus 3" 20 gauge and 2-3/4" and 3" 12 gauge HEVI-Shot loads.

© Copyright 2012 by Tom Roster.

For answers to questions on this table contact:
Tom Roster
1190 Lynnewood
Klamath Falls, OR 97601
USA
tomroster@charter.net 


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